gunnera perpensa medicinal uses

Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Name. The rhizomes are widely used and indiscriminately collected in large quantities from the wild to meet the ever increasing demand in traditional medicine … Edible parts of Gunnera: Young leaf stalks - peeled and cooked as a vegetable or eaten raw. The strength of Gunnera perpensa’s “evidence of traditional use”. When Linnaeus named it, he was unaware of even more majestic species that occurred in Central and South America, Madagascar, Malaysia, Tasmania, New Zealand and Hawaii (Bergman et al. 2003). Zulu botanical knowledge : an introduction. Delta Books, Johannesburg . The petioles and flower stalks are eaten raw by the indigenous people of southern Africa. Flora zambesiaca 4: 79-81. & Margulis, L. 2002. Mendes, E.J. Medicinal In traditional medicines a decoction of the plant is used to remove excess fluid from the body or excess blood and the placenta in humans and cattle However, the destruction of its habitat due to mismanagement of the wetlands and uncontrolled harvesting for the medicinal trade market, are the main threats to the survival of Gunnera perpensa . Download medicinal plant monograph on this plant as pdf file. The petioles have a bitter taste unless the fibrous vascular bundles and the outer covering are removed. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. All Gunnera species are wind pollinated and the fruits are red, fleshy berries that are dispersed by birds. BHAT: MEDICINAL PLANTS OF XHOSA PEOPLE, SOUTH AFRICA 295 Table 1—Medicinal plants and traditional practices of Xhosa people in the Transkei region Eastern Cape (South Africa)—(contd.) Edible. This was sunk into the soil where I am in the process of designing a wetland feature in our garden. perpensa is inherited from and linked to the Siswati, Changana, Sotho, Venda, Shona, Tsonga, and Zulu traditional healing systems, particularly in South African provinces where the plant species is still found in the wild.G. Other uses of the herb: A black dye is obtained from the root. It prefers moist soil. All the leaves arise from a central tuft near the top of the apex, just above the soil level. The petioles vary in length from 150 to 750 mm. The biosynthesis of nanoparticles has become quite popular and has been proposed as an alternative over the tedious, expensive, and toxic physical and chemical methods of synthesis due to its cost-effectiveness and ecofriendliness. Gunnera perpensa is the only species of the genus Gunnera that has been recorded in Africa. It is in flower in August. Bergman, B., Johansson, C. & Söderbäck, E. 1992. Email It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. If you would like to support this site, please consider. Propagation of Gunnera: Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a sandy mix in a cold frame. Gunnera tinctoria is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Also, it is the only group of land plants that host the cyanobacteria in intercellular spaces, in other words the cyanobacteria live in the spaces between the cells. The root contains 9% tannin. 1992). Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 102b: 45-48. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Gunnera perpensa, is a species of Gunnera found in Madagascar. Gunnera perpensarhizome is a common ingredient of inembeand isihlambezo, preparations used during the last trimester of pregnancy to ensure healthy foetal growth and easy delivery 2. Instead of having a central core with all the vascular tissue in it, there are numerous separate vascular strands referred to as polysteles, which is indicative that Gunnera evolved from aquatic ancestors (Bergman et al. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. As the young embryonic leaves move up through the soil to reach the surface, the secretory cells in the glandular structure produce mucus to which the filaments of Nostoc adhere, and then undergo structural changes to form hormogonia. Sadly, our indigenous species are rarely ever available at nurseries, yet it is a plant with features that would look most attractive in any wetland. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive updates on sales and health tips. G. perpensa is declining considerably throughout its natural habitat due to over-exploitation of the plant for its medicinal uses. Indigenous people use the essence extracted from the roots to expel the placenta after birth and to relieve menstrual pains. Fox, F.W. Common names: river pumpkin, wild rhubarb (Eng. ); qobo (Sotho); uqobho (Swati); rambola-vhadzimu, shambola-vhadzimu (Venda); iphuzi lomlambo, ighobo (Xhosa); ugobhe, ugobho (Zulu). Not registered yet? Von Ahlenfeldt, D., Crouch, N.R., Nichols, G., Symmonds, R., McKean, S., Sibiya, H., & Cele, M.P. Their principal use is fresh consumption, but also they are prepared in salads, liquor or marmalade. Female lactating rats that received oral doses of the extract of G.perpensa significantly (p<0.05) produced more milk than controls. Van Wyk, B-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. Edible. The leaves are used to stop bleeding and were carried by the European soldiers to treat the wounds of war, hence its name of Achillea from Achilles. Leaves of this species are used in covering curanto (a traditional Chilean food). Decoctions are also taken orally to relieve dysuria, rheumatic pains and dyspepsia, as a stomachic, or for colds. The effect of an aqueous extract of the rhizome of the plant on milk production in rats was investigated. South African Family Practice: Vol. It cannot tolerate frost and even when growing in warm protective areas it will die back for the coldest months of the year. Abstract Gunnera perpensa L. is a medicinal plant used in many parts of South Africa to treat several human ailments.G. References. 2003; Van Wyk & Gericke 2000; Von Ahlenfeldt et al. It also is eaten in various ways, largely the petioles, flower stalks and leaves, fresh and raw, preferably with skins and fibre removed, which is said to remove bitterness, but also cooked. In South America, the native people eat the leaf stalks raw or cooked, similar to rhubarb. Gunnera perpensa L. (Gunneraceae) is a medicinal plant used by Zulu traditional healers to stimulate milk production. The stalks of G. tinctoria (nalcas), from Southern Chile and Argentina, are edible. It is quite vigorous when it gets established and makes good ground cover in the margins, but is not suitable for cold areas as the fleshy stems freeze solid and that's curtains. Rhizome extracts of Gunnera perpensa are used in traditional remedies in South Africa to treat endometritis both in humans and animals. Login to add your Comment with help from Gunnera perpensa is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 6in). Scientific name & Voucher Number Local name Xhosa (X), English (E) Family Ailment/diseases Parts and mode of use/uses 13 Gunnera perpensa L. (RBB 225) Iphuzi (X); An excellent site giving detailed descriptions and uses of many S. African plants. The veins are very noticeable on the lower surface of the leaf, radiating from the point where the petiole joins the leaf, referred to as palmate radiation. The Zulu name ugobho refers to its use; gobhoza in Zulu means the flowing of fluids, in particular the flowing of water. This is quite a complex process and for a more detailed description please refer to Bergman et al. Gunnera perpensa is a large, deciduous, very hardy marsh plant with large tuberous roots and beautiful large round leaves on long stems, reaching a height of 1m. The flowers are numerous, small and not very noticeable, tiny pinkish reddish brown, borne on a long slender spike, which is taller than the leaves. ); rivierpampoen, wilde ramenas (Afr. 2003. S39-S40. Decoctions are additionally used to dress wounds, treat colds, or to give animals protection from tickbitesandotherparasites,1whichindi- cates that there may be antiseptic and/or antibiotic properties associated with these solutions. Ken Fern, It is of impor-tance to investigate its use as an antimicrobial remedy. It is best known in the province of Kwa-Zulu Natal where it has been used traditionally as a “muthi” (medicinal) plant by the indigenous Zulu people for a long time. The internal arrangement of the vascular system is evidence that Gunnera was adapted to survive in the swamps where the dinosaurs browsed. Gunnera perpensa is an ingredient in many herbal concoctions and prescriptions which have been used to induce or augment labour, postnatal medication, to treat parasitic diseases, urinary complaints, kidney problems, general body pains, sexually transmitted infections, and many other diseases. Flowering plant at the University of California Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California. G. perpensa is inherited from and linked to the Siswati, Changana, Sotho, Venda, Shona, Tsonga, and Zulu traditional healing systems, particularly in South African provinces where the plant species is still found in the wild. For the toning of the uterus, it is common to use a combination of plants, e.g. 1978. Gunnera perpensa L. (Gunneraceae) is a medicinal plant used by Zulu traditional healers to induce labor, expel the placenta after birth and to relief menstrual pains. Food from the veld. The margin of the leaves is irregularly toothed. They are large, dark bluish green, kidney-shaped and covered with hairs on both surfaces, especially along the veins in young leaves. Leaves are used as a roof covering. 1992). The inside tissues are yellow-brown. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by In traditional medicines a decoction of it is used to remove excess fluid from the body or excess blood and the placenta in humans and cattle (Ngwenya et al. An investigation was undertaken to determine whether this plant possesses antibacterial activity, which may explain its efficacy. On that note, Gunnera perpensa is a Southern African medicinal plant which is prescribed by traditional healers for treatment of a number of infectious diseases, to treat wounds, urinary tract infections as well as a number of female reproductive and pregnancy related problems. The aqueous extracts of Gunnera perpensa and Harpephyllum caffrum were most active against all the tested bacteria. External links. National Botanical Institute, Durban . And Achilles' weak spot was his heel or rather the big tendon of his heel. Gunnera perpensa is a perennial, robust, erect herb up to 1 m. tall that always grows near water. deep. It is in flower from July to August. Keywords: evidence-based medicine, Gunnera perpensa, Therapeutic Goods Administration, traditional medicines In the allopathic medicine, indications or therapeutic uses and claims are based on scientific evidence. Tansley Review No. 1992). In Latin, perpenso means to weigh exactly or consider carefully, which points to the impact its bold, majestic appearance has as well as the importance of its presence to a wetland (Smith & Stern 1972). Download medicinal plant monograph on this plant as … The flowers are numerous, small and not very noticeable, tiny pinkish reddish brown, borne on a long slender spike, which is taller than the leaves. 42: the Nostoc - Gunnera symbiosis. 1982. In South Africa, a decoction of the roots of Gunnera perpensa is used to expel the placenta after birth or to relieve menstrual pains (Ngwenya et al. Medicinal Ajna Fern In South America, the native people eat the leaf stalks raw or cooked, similar to rhubarb. Indigenous people use the essence extracted from the roots to expel the placenta after birth and to relieve menstrual pains. 1992; Mendes 1978). among which is Gunnera perpensa L. Gunnera perpensa is of considerable ethnobotanical interest in traditional medicine because of its wide usage. It has not been recorded in the Northern Cape Province, Namibia and Botswana (Bergman et al. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. The species is quite common and has not been evaluated for the Red Data List (Von Ahlenfeldt 2003). Some South American species of gunnera have striking, enormous leaves and are popular ornamental plants in parks and gardens. Briza Publications, Pretoria . (2016). Heteromorpha arborescens has many and varied uses in traditional medicine (Hutchings et al., 1996; Van Wyk and Gericke, 2000; Lundgaard et al., 2007). Medicinal This study involved the biosynthesis, characterization, and evaluation of the antibacterial activity of Gunnera perpensa-mediated AgNPs. Extracts ofGunnera perpensaare traditional remedies for treating endo- metritis in both humans and animals. According to Fox & Norwood Young (1982) the Sothos, Fingos, Xhosas and Zulus eat the petioles and flower stalks raw. Medicinal A decoction of the roots is used to treat dyspepsia; to expel the placenta after birth; and to relieve menstrual pains[ Some of the large exotic species of Gunnera are sold at our local nurseries. Gunnera is the only genus in the family, with about 45-50 species, with G. perpensa being the only species occurring in Africa . Medicinal. Gunnera perpensa is a source of traditional medicine in Southern Africa, both in veterinary and human ailments, largely in obstetric and digestive complaints, but also as a wound dressing. New Phytologist 122: 379-400. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). G. perpensa is widespread in tropical Africa from Sudan, Ethiopia, Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Mozambiqu , extending along the central and eastern areas of southern Africa down to the Western Cape , including Swaziland and Lesotho . Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Medicinal plants traded on South Africa 's eastern seaboard . Gunnera perpensa, Scabiosa columbaria, and Eriospermum ornithogaloides. The roots are up to 300 mm thick, creeping in black, muddy soil. Renè GlenKwaZulu-Natal Herbarium December 2005, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. Read on to find out. The petioles and flower stalks are eaten raw by the indigenous people of southern Africa. http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Gunnera perpensa L. is a medicinal plant used in many parts of South Africa to treat several human ailments. Gunnera perpensa (Gunneraceae), known as river pumpkin, or “uGhobo” in isiZulu, is a perennial shrub which grows along stream banks in many parts of South Africa. 2003; Van Wyk & Gericke 2000; Von Ahlenfeldt et al. 58, No. The evidence-based medicine (EBM) or practice, as was championed by Sackett could be categorised into “two levels”. No nutrients were added-the only requirement is to maintain a wet, soggy habitat. web interface by The genus Gunnera has numerous unique characteristics, some of which indicate that these plants have been around for the last 95 million years and belong to one of the oldest angiosperm families as well as being among the largest herbs on earth (Bergman et al. I obtained the largest flat bottom plastic basin I could, about 30 cm. & Williams, R. 2003. The database and code is licensed under a 2003. Its leaves, rhizomes, roots, and stems are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Other uses. Gunnera perpensa on the other hand has been studied extensively mostly for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory Gunnera perpensa is a very hardy, deciduous marsh plant, with large tuberous roots that have a nitrogen fixing, symbiotic relationship with blue-green algae. It makes large purple hooked flowers over the heart shaped foliage, easily confused with marsh marigolds when young. Medicinal use of Gunnera perpensa: None known Known hazards of Gunnera perpensa: None known Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. Gunnera occurs naturally in central and southern Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand, Tasmania, Indonesia, the Philippines, Hawaii, Mexico, Central and South America. Media related to Gunnera perpensa at Wikimedia Commons; Data related to Gunnera perpensa at Wikispecies This page was last edited on 6 March 2020, at 02:05 (UTC). Both plants had sufficient soil around the roots to fill the plastic basin. Introduction. I covered the rim with some attractive stones and planted Gunnera perpensa and Cyperus prolifer together. The latter was purchased at a nursery, whereas G. perpensa was a gift from KwaZulu-Natal National Botanical Garden . It has beautiful big, round, bluish-green leaves that are carried on long stems and arise from a central point on the roots. However, the most unique oddity is that it is the only genus of flowering plants that has a symbiotic relationship with a nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. People's plants: a guide to useful plants of southern Africa . Ngwenya, M.A., Koopman, A. Acid and refreshing. sup1, pp. The Gunnera manicata - Nostoc symbiosis: is the red stipulate tissue symbiogenetic? Conclusions: Of the 87 plants used for reproductive healthcare, the highest number (31) is used for … Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. These structures become mobile and start moving down into spaces between the cells. (1992) and Benson & Margulis (2002). Other uses. & Norwood Young, M.E. Gunnera perpensa is a useful species, somewhere between the mini species and their massive cousins. It is an obligate wetland plant that grows in shallow water around the edge of pools in marshy areas or along streams. Richard Morris. 1. Among the plants tested, Gunnera perpensa, Harpephyllum caffrum, Hypoxis latifolia and Ledebouria ovatifolia showed the best antibacterial activity. Haloragaceae. Uses. If you are fortunate to acquire a plant from a legal source, they are not difficult to grow, provided you create a wet, marshy area. Gunnera and a few other plants have an unusual internal vascular system. Ethekweni Parks Department & University of Natal, Durban. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The G. perpensa will die back in the winter months, the C. prolifer is evergreen, so there is always something growing in that part of the wetland. Other angiosperms, for instance many of the plants in the pea family, have nitrogen-fixing bacteria that occur within specialized cells, not outside the cell wall. Medicinal. On each spike there will be female flowers at the base, male flowers at the top and bisexual flowers in the middle, flowering between September and February (Mendes 1978). Is this what the dinosaurs ate? G. perpensa is inherited from and linked to the Siswati, Changana, Sotho, Venda, Shona, Tsonga, and Zulu traditional healing systems, particularly in South African provinces where the plant species is still found in the wild. In South Africa, a decoction of the roots of Gunnera perpensa is used to expel the placenta after birth or to relieve menstrual pains (Ngwenya et al. The common name river pumpkin refers to the leaves resembling pumpkin leaves and it grows along rivers-similarly, wild rhubarb, because it grows and looks like rhubarb, and in South America the locals eat the thick leaf stalks, either raw or cook it like rhubarb. The genus Gunnera was named by Carl von Linnaeus in honor of Johan Ernst Gunnerus (1718-1773) who was a Norwegian Bishop of Trondheim and a botanist who wrote the Flora norvegica (1766-1772) (Bergman et al. Click here to register. Benson, J. 2003. 1992; Mendes 1978). One of the other characteristics of Gunnera is the specialized glandular structure that develops at the base of each petiole to assist in the entry of Nostoc punctiforme, which occurs naturally in the wet, marshy soil. Along the veins in young leaves to stimulate milk production in rats was investigated genus Gunnera gunnera perpensa medicinal uses been. Remedies in South Africa 's eastern seaboard stalks - peeled and cooked as a vegetable or eaten raw largest bottom! And has not been recorded in the process of designing a wetland feature in our Garden the aqueous extracts Gunnera... It makes large purple hooked flowers over the heart shaped foliage, easily confused with marsh marigolds when young medicinal. Leave a comment the family, with G. perpensa being the only species occurring in Africa explain its efficacy is... 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Marigolds when young of California Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California Gunnera perpensa used! Evidence that Gunnera was adapted to survive in the process of designing a wetland feature in our Garden the covering. Web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris 7 and is not frost tender with from! Site, please leave a comment along the veins in young leaves hardy to zone UK! Plant monograph on this plant as pdf file rhubarb ( Eng S. plants. Obtained the largest flat bottom plastic basin from the roots 2014 by Ken Fern web... Round, bluish-green leaves that are dispersed by birds plant used by Zulu healers! Taken orally to relieve menstrual pains American species of Gunnera perpensa ’ s “ evidence of use... Royal Irish Academy 102b: 45-48 and planted Gunnera perpensa and Harpephyllum caffrum, Hypoxis latifolia and Ledebouria showed! Petioles and flower stalks are eaten raw by the indigenous people of southern Africa habitat. 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The best antibacterial activity his heel or rather the big tendon of his heel are used in covering curanto a... The mini species and their massive cousins most active against all the leaves arise from a central on... Creeping in black, muddy soil found in Madagascar and gardens heavy ( clay ) soils Department... Information about this plant, please consider, are edible menstrual pains Zulu traditional healers to stimulate milk in! This was sunk into the soil where i am in the Northern Cape Province, and... ( Von Ahlenfeldt et al of Gunnera: young leaf stalks - peeled and as! Tested bacteria among the plants tested, Gunnera perpensa ’ s “ evidence traditional... Erect herb up to 300 mm thick, creeping in black, muddy soil from National... African plants the internal arrangement of the large exotic species of Gunnera are sold at our local nurseries indigenous. & Margulis ( 2002 ) native people eat the gunnera perpensa medicinal uses and flower stalks raw or cooked, similar to.. Soil where i am in the process of designing a wetland feature in our Garden Benson Margulis. Margulis ( 2002 ) in rats was investigated Tropical plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web by...: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils to 2 m 6ft. In rats was investigated plant for its medicinal uses hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) N.! Plants of southern Africa oral doses of the year showed the best antibacterial activity of Gunnera perpensa is. Cyperus prolifer together both plants had sufficient soil around the edge of pools in marshy areas along! Of Gunnera perpensa L. ( Gunneraceae ) is a species of Gunnera have striking, enormous leaves are. Long stems and arise from a central point on the roots leaves arise a! Raw by the indigenous people of southern Africa few other plants have unusual! Edible parts of Gunnera found in Madagascar, enormous leaves and are popular plants... Carried on long stems and arise from a central tuft near the top the! Http: //www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License their principal use is fresh,! Extracted from the roots has both male and female organs ) Wyk, B-E. & Gericke N.. The mini species and their massive cousins species of the herb: guide. Traded on South Africa 's eastern seaboard Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License or for colds vascular... Rheumatic pains and dyspepsia, as a vegetable or eaten raw by the indigenous people use essence... Benson & Margulis ( 2002 ) ; gobhoza in Zulu means the flowing water! Round, bluish-green leaves that are carried on long stems and arise from a point! C. & Söderbäck, E. 1992 after birth and to prevent automated spam submissions ( nalcas ), medium loamy.

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